The DCC booster shown on this page uses the LMD18200 motor driver H-bridge IC. The booster's designed output rating is 3 amps at 15 volts.
* - If this booster continuously carries more than 2.5 amps (83% of maximum), a larger booster should be considered or more power districts should be created.
The input signal failure detector will automatically reset when the DCC input signal is restored.
Double Acting - No Input Signal Shutdown means that the booster will shut down if the input signal fails in either a HIGH or a LOW state.
The overload detector is manually RESET by momentarily closing switch S1. An external reset switch can be connect via a terminal block on the circuit board. If the RESET switch is held closed, the booster cannot shutdown.
The overload trip setting is between 3.2 and 3.5 amps but can be lowered if needed. For more information, see the Optional Overload Setting Adjustment section below.
The overload section of this booster uses transistors Q1 and Q2 as the equivalent of a silicon controlled rectifier. (Similar Transistor Circuit Example)
Two of four voltage comparators of an LM339 IC are used to detect the DCC input signal. The other two comparators are used to switch the H-bridge OFF if there is no DCC input signal or if there has been an overload shutdown.
Separate LEDs are used to indicate: Circuit power is ON (GREEN), an overload trip (RED) or if the LM18200 is hot (YELLOW).
A power supply with a minimum output capability of 13 volts at 3 amps should be used with this booster. For more information, see the Power Supplies For This Booster section below.
The circuit board should be mounted on a vertical surface and in an area that has good air circulation.
The following diagram shows the schematic for the circuit board for the 3 Amp DCC Booster.
NOTE: The variable resistor R10 shown on the schematic is an optional component and would only be installed if an overload current of less than 3 amps is needed. See the Optional Overload Setting Adjustment section below for further details.
The value of resistor R11 may need to be adjusted depending on the particular LMD18200 used in a given circuit. (390 ohms has been suitable in every case thus far.)
This circuit is designed to make use of surplus - 15 volt, 3 amp laptop power supplies.
Used laptop power supplies can be can be purchased inexpensively at many computer and electronics recycling facilities. (Have them tested before purchasing.) These supplies are also available through many other sources as well.
The DCC Booster circuit will be damaged if the polarity of the power supply is reversed. Care must be taken when connecting a power supply to the circuit board.
An adequate power supply must be used with this booster as the LMD18200 has an internal voltage sensor that will shut the bridge down if the supply voltage dips below 11 volts. This will cause the output of the bridge to rapidly switch OFF and ON which could affect the commands being sent to decoders and cause locomotives to act unexpectedly.
A power supply with a minimum output of 13 volts at 3 amps is recommended for use with this circuit.
This booster can operate with supply voltage of up to 18 volts.
Power supplies with isolated outputs should be used with this booster.
Isolated means that the output terminals of the supply are not electrically connected to the ground and/or neutral wires of the 110 volt AC supply circuit.
If a power supply has a grounded, 3 prong plug, it will likely not be suitable for use with DCC boosters as the negative terminal could be directly connected to the ground pin of the AC power plug. This will cause short circuits between other boosters in the system through common rail connections and reverse loop controllers.
An example of a suitable power supply for this circuit is from Skycraft Parts & Surplus - 15 VDC 4.5 Amp, Switching Type.
Adding a 33 to 100 microfarad capacitor at the external RESET terminals of the circuit board will slow the response of the overcurrent trip circuit and make the booster less sensitive to brief short circuits.
|CIRCUIT PART NUMBER||-||PART||-||Qty||-||Digi-Key Number|
|IC2A, B, C, D||-||LM339||-||1||-||LM339NFS-ND|
|D1, 3, 4, 6||-||1N4148||-||4||-||1N4148DICT|
|D2||-||3mm GREEN LED||-||1||-|
|D5||-||3mm RED LED||-||1||-|
|D7||-||3mm YELLOW LED||-||1||-|
|R1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 13, 14, 15, 16||-||10K||-||9||-||10KQBK-ND|
|R2, 4, 12||-||470 Ohm||-||3||-||470QBK-ND|
|R11||-||390 Ohm *||-||1||-||390QBK-ND|
|C1, 2, 5||-||2.2uF/35V||-||3||-||P5175-ND|
|Terminal Block||-||2 Position 5mm||-||2||-||ED1623-ND|
|Terminal Block||-||2 Position 3mm||-||2||-||ED2635-ND|
|HEAT SINK||-||For LMD18200||-||1||-||HS343-ND|
|S1||-||N.O. Push Button||-||1||-||SW400-ND|
* - The heat sink shown in the photo of the circuit board is not identical to the one in the parts list but they have the same capacity.
* - The value of resistor R11 might change, depending on the particular LMD18200 used in a given circuit.
It is possible to drive this booster from the output of an existing booster. There will be a very small shift in the phase of the second and subsequent boosters but this should not cause problems.
The input to the second booster should come directly from the output terminals of the existing booster to minimize any signal degradation or noise.
The following diagram is a test circuit used to check the phase differences between the output's of the boosters being tested.
This booster circuit is designed to have a fixed, overload current setting of between 3.2 and 3.5 amps.
The variable resistor R10 shown on the schematic would only be used if a lower overload current setting. Under normal operating conditions the position of R10 is short circuited by a path on the circuit board.
If a lower overload setting is desired, the shorting path can be cut, R10 added to the circuit board and adjusted as needed.
The formula for calculating the booster's approximate overload setting is: 0.467V / (R11 + R12) / 377μA = Amps DC.
For R11 plus R10min: 0.467V / (390Ω + 0) / 377μA = 3.17 Amps
For R11 plus R10max: 0.467V / (390Ω + 1000Ω) / 377μA = 0.891 Amps
The value of 0.467V is the gate threshold voltage of the SCR formed by transistors Q1 and Q2. This value was determined by measurement.
The value of 377μA (microamps) is the 'Current Sense Output' (pin 8) output per amp of load current as given in the LM18200's datasheet. ( 377μA = 377 X 10-6 Amps )
NOTE: The actual output from the Current Sense Output, pin 8, may be higher or lower than that specified in the LMD18200's datasheet. Therefore, resistor R11 may need to be tailored to the actual conditions of the circuit.
A DC ammeter with a 3 amp or greater capacity connected between the POSITIVE output of the power supply and the PLUS input of the booster circuit can be used to set the trip point while the booster is under load.
The explanations for the circuits on these pages cannot hope to cover every situation on every layout. For this reason be prepared to do some experimenting to get the results you want. This is especially true of circuits such as the "Across Track Infrared Detection" circuits and any other circuit that relies on other than direct electronic inputs, such as switches.
If you use any of these circuit ideas, ask your parts supplier for a copy of the manufacturers data sheets for any components that you have not used before. These sheets contain a wealth of data and circuit design information that no electronic or print article could approach and will save time and perhaps damage to the components themselves. These data sheets can often be found on the web site of the device manufacturers.
Although the circuits are functional the pages are not meant to be full descriptions of each circuit but rather as guides for adapting them for use by others. If you have any questions or comments please send them to the email address on the Circuit Index page.
30 May, 2015